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[Susan notes: This should be our call to arms: Food, health care and books, not more standards and tests.


Published in Education Week website


Comment on Analysis Ties 4th Grade Reading Failure to Poverty

The Annie Casey Foundation report, Early Warning!, contains no new
information, and recommends that we continue even more aggressively
along the same path outlined by the Obama-Duncan administration,
ignoring the most obvious solution to low reading achievement for
children of poverty: Actual access to books and other reading

Standards and tests as a cure for poverty?

The report repeats previous descriptions of the impact of poverty but
only briefly mentions that we must provide resources, focusing far
more on the need to institute standardized measures, with "consistent,
aligned expectations" for social, emotional and cognitive development
from birth to grade three.

This is a call to vastly expand the Duncan standards and testing
program, expanding it two ways: down to birth, and to cover just about
everything in a child's life that can be measured and tested. It
clearly states that the mission is to increase testing and tracking
"from the cradle to college" and calls for an accelerated effort to
"link K-12 standards to standards for early care and education from
birth through kindergarten entry."

Ignoring the obvious

The report does not even mention of access to books. There is no
mention of the consistent finding that children of poverty have very
little access to reading material, that access to reading material
means more reading and that more reading means better reading

There is no mention of the consistent finding that better school and
public libraries and the presence of credentialed librarians result in
higher reading test scores, and no mention of the current wave of
studies showing that access to books can mitigate the effect of
poverty on reading achievement.

The document repeats the finding that low reading achievement at lower
grades correlates with low reading achievement later on, but does not
mention the possibility of late intervention through improved access
to books.

The document repeats the finding that there is summer loss among high
poverty children, but does not mention research showing that access to
books can mitigate this loss, recommending instead regular instruction
during the summer.

Other than the briefest comment that "hands-on literacy-rich
activities" are a good idea, it calls for even more testing and
monitoring, and application of the failed principles of the National
Reading Panel.


Forget all the new standards and tests. The research review in Early
Warning! demonstrates that we know what the problem is: poverty.
Instead of spending billions on new standards and tests of academics
and now social and emotional development (!), let's use the money to
move swiftly to protect children against the effect of poverty by
supporting school-based nutrition and health programs and school
libraries. By the time committees are formed, grants are developed,
grant proposals written, standards written, and tests developed,
millions more children will have suffered from the effects of poverty.
We already have measures in place that will tell us what is working
and what is not. Let's go to the cure, and not waste time with
unnecessary measures of the problem.

Food, health care and books, not more standards and tests.

Stephen Krashen

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