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[Susan notes: Stephen Krashen is tireless in refuting NCLB fiction with fact. We would all do well to make use of his research citations.]

Submitted to Times and Democrat, Orangeburg, SC but not published

To the editor

Anne Hancock of the US Dept of Education asserts that No Child Left Behind has âled to rising achievement scores and progress in closing the achievement gap.â Not so. Every study examining the effect of NCLB on reading achievement has shown otherwise, whether the tests are national tests (NAEP) or state tests. Here is a reading list for Ms. Hancock and others


1. âThe 16th Bracey Report on the Condition of Public Education,â by Gerald W. Bracey, published in the October 2006 Phi Delta Kappan.

2. âSelling NCLB: Would You Buy a Used Law From This Woman?,â by James Crawford, available at


3. âDid Reading First Work?,â by Stephen Krashen,


4. âTracking Achievement Gaps and Assessing the Impact of NCLB on the Gaps: An In-Depth Look Into National and State Reading and Math Outcome Trends,â by Jaekyung Lee, published in 2006 by the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University.

5. âNCLB: No Impact on State Fourth Grade Reading Test Scores,â By Stephen Krashen


Stephen Krashen

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