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Secretary Spellings Announces Growth Model & NEA Responds

The NEA response is below the U. S. Department press release.

Secretary Spellings Announces Growth Model Pilot, Addresses Chief State School Officers' Annual Policy Forum in Richmond

November 18, 2005 Contacts: Chad Colby, Samara Yudof
(202) 401-1576

U.S. Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings today announced a pilot program where interested and qualified states can submit proposals for developing growth models that follow the bright-line principles of No Child Left Behind. As part of the pilot, the Department will approve no more than 10 high-quality growth models in 2005-06. Secretary Spellings made the special announcement during an address to the Council of Chief State School Officers' (CCSSO) Annual Policy Forum in Richmond, Va.

Following are excerpts from Secretary Spellings' announcement:

"A growth model is not a way around accountability standards. It's a way for states that are already raising achievement and following the bright-line principles of the law to strengthen accountability.

"We're open to new ideas, but we're not taking our eye off the ball. There are many different routes for states to take, but they all must begin with a commitment to annual assessment and disaggregation of data. And they all must lead to closing the achievement gap and every student reaching grade level by 2014. This is good policy for all students and we must stick with it."

Below are Secretary Spellings' prepared remarks in their entirety (Note: speaker sometimes deviates from text):

Thank you, Tom [Houlihan], for that kind introduction. We all appreciate your leadership, and it's always a pleasure to work with you.

It's an honor to be here today with all of you again. A lot has happened since we met last April at Mount Vernon.

I've gained a few pounds. I dropped my oldest daughter off at college for the first time. And mysteriously, I've had hot water for my morning shower for the first time in a long time.

I stole Henry Johnson from your ranks and made him my new assistant secretary for elementary and secondary education. I'm thrilled to have him on my team along with my deputy, Ray Simon, who reminds me to thank all the deputy chief state school officers for all the good work you do behind the scenes. Ray likes to make believe he's the guy in the cartoon who has to pick up after the parade and put everything in order. And I really appreciate all his good work.

Over the last few months, we've all faced unprecedented challenges. We've seen hurricanes displace thousands of students across the Gulf Coast. And I've been touched—but not surprised—by the way the education community has pulled together to help hurricane victims. You all have answered the call and reached out to welcome displaced students into your schools and communities. I've been working closely with many of you, especially the chiefs from the most affected states—Hank Bounds, Joe Morton, Cecil Picard, Shirley Neeley and John Winn. You've been nothing short of heroic. And you've made us all proud. Governor Barbour told me the other day that every school in Mississippi has reopened, thanks in no small measure to the good work of Hank Bounds.

Hurricane Katrina was a powerful reminder that we all must work together to help our students. With your input, we've proposed a plan to provide districts with up to $7,500 per displaced student for one year. We're also giving severely affected schools the flexibility to delay moving forward on the school improvement timeline for one year if they miss making Adequate Yearly Progress because of the hurricanes. And schools taking in displaced students may request to count them as a separate student subgroup.

We must keep our commitment to ensure all these children receive the quality education they deserve, and we must do it in a way that honors the hard work and dedication of our nation's educators. Hurricane Katrina threw us all into uncharted territory, but the bright-line principles of No Child Left Behind—annually assessing students, disaggregating data and closing the achievement gap by 2014—continue to show us the way forward.

Since taking office in January, I've been traveling around the country talking with parents, educators and policymakers about how this law is working and what needs to work better. And wherever I go, I hear the same three questions: How can we do a better job assessing students with disabilities? What's the best way to measure the progress of students new to the English language? And how can we reward schools for improving from year to year? I promised to work with you to address these issues in a sensible, workable way that makes raising student achievement our top priority.

When we spoke at Mount Vernon last April, I announced a common-sense approach for implementing No Child Left Behind based on the core principles of the law. And together, we've taken some important steps down that path. The hurricane flexibilities were just the latest example.


Thirty-one states have signed up for developing modified achievement standards for students with disabilities who need additional time and intensive instruction to meet standards. Before the end of the year, we'll be releasing a regulation and a tool kit to help states develop these assessments and identify the 2 percent of students who fit this description.

In addition, we convened a working group of researchers and educators to study how we can best measure the progress of students new to the English language.

We also aligned the timeline for paraprofessionals with the timeline for highly qualified teachers. We've pledged to work with states that are making a good-faith effort to place a highly qualified teacher in every classroom, especially in lower-income communities where a good teacher can make all the difference.

And we've launched pilot programs with Chicago, Boston, New York City and Virginia to help more low-income students take advantage of free tutoring under No Child Left Behind.

I know a law is only as good as its implementation. And with all these measures, our focus has been on working with you to help students who in the past have often been left behind—students with disabilities, students new to the English language and students from disadvantaged backgrounds. Thanks to No Child Left Behind, the conversation has shifted from "can these students learn" to "how can we make sure they learn."

For the first time ever, we are holding ourselves accountable for ensuring every child—regardless of race, income or special need—can read and do math on grade level. The latest nation's education report card shows we're on the right track, but we must pick up the pace to close the achievement gap and get every child to grade level or above by 2014.

As I said, many educators and policymakers have asked me about the possibility of using growth models to recognize the progress schools are making toward this goal. This summer my department convened a working group to explore how states could use growth models for state accountability plans under No Child Left Behind.

We met with experts, researchers and policymakers, including many of you who have used growth models as part of your state accountability systems for years. We discussed what's required to implement a growth model and how they can show how schools and students are improving from year to year.

At the same time, we're not just looking for any level of improvement. We're working to meet specific goals within the next decade, as laid out in the law. A successful growth model under No Child Left Behind must put all students on track to be on grade level by 2014. That means when a student is behind, one year of progress for every year of instruction is not enough to close the gap. We will expect more. We must not—and I will not—back away from this important goal.

Today, I'm announcing a pilot program where interested and qualified states can submit proposals for developing growth models that follow the bright-line principles of No Child Left Behind. The Department will approve no more than 10 high-quality growth models as part of this pilot. I will be releasing a letter soon outlining the key elements that states must meet in submitting a growth model proposal to the Department. It goes without saying that you can't measure growth without annual assessment data and states that haven't had annual assessment for more than a year will have to wait to do so. And you can't close the achievement gap unless you continue to break down that assessment data by student groups.

It's no accident that states that have been annually assessing students and following these core principles the longest are getting the best results, and they're also the ones that have now arrived at the point where they can consider growth models to meet the goals of No Child Left Behind. There is nothing inconsistent between this pilot and the bright lines of the law. A growth model is not a way around accountability standards. It's a way for states that are already raising achievement and following the bright-line principles of the law to strengthen accountability.

Many of your states may not yet have the assessment systems or data systems to meet the requirements for the pilot. But you can still reward schools for making improvements by using an index model. Under No Child Left Behind, nine states currently use index models that give schools credit for improving student achievement as a way of holding them accountable. I'll include more information on how these models work in my letter as well.

We're open to new ideas, but we're not taking our eye off the ball. There are many different routes for states to take, but they all must begin with a commitment to annual assessment and disaggregation of data. And they all must lead to closing the achievement gap and every student reaching grade level by 2014. This is good policy for all students, and we must stick with it.

We know the formula for success: higher standards and accountability for results. That's why every state must have its assessment system fully in place by the end of this school year.

As I said, states that have been out in front as pioneers are already getting great results—states like Massachusetts where Dave Driscoll has been relentless in his fight to close the achievement gap. The hard work is paying off. He's made Massachusetts a shining example for other states.

Last week, I unveiled a new resource for states called No Child Left Behind: A Road Map to State Implementation. We have copies here today, and I hope you all will have the chance to review it. The road map describes ways the Department—together with state and local policymakers—is making No Child Left Behind work for students and educators across our country.

We all hear a lot of stories about why schools are missing Adequate Yearly Progress, but we don't hear much about how thousands of other schools are making it and closing the achievement gap. We must work together to do a better job recognizing these schools and sharing their stories. We must hold them up as models for other schools to follow.

We have a lot more work to do, especially in our high schools where we've made no progress in 30 years. This spring I visited Huguenot High School here in Richmond with Governor Warner, who has been a powerful voice for high school reform in Virginia and across the nation. That's because he understands the stakes. About 80 percent of the fastest-growing jobs require at least some postsecondary education. Yet far too many students are leaving high school unprepared for college. A recent study from ACT found that less than half of high school students graduate ready for college-level math and science.

We've already seen what a difference higher standards and accountability have made for our younger students. Now we must extend those same principles to our high schools. That's why President Bush and I are supporting high school reform that focuses on core subjects like reading, math and science—to help more students graduate ready for college or work.

Thanks for inviting me today. Together, we've taken some important steps forward since last April when I announced a new path for No Child Left Behind. Scores are rising, the achievement gap is closing, and the law is working. Now we must continue to work together to close the achievement gap and ensure every child receives a quality education.

We still have much to do, but we know the path forward. The bright lines of the law—annually assessing students, disaggregating data and closing the achievement gap—point the way.

Thanks again, and now I'd be happy to take your questions.

NEA Reaction

November 18, 2005

Staci Maiers, NEA Public Relations, (202) 822-7150, smaiers@nea.org

U.S. Education Dept. Validates NEA's Concerns,
Proposes More Flexibility Under 'No Child Left Behind'

National Education Association Signals New Policy is a Step in Right Direction - But New "Growth Model" Proposal Leaves Out Far Too Many Children

WASHINGTON-After years of calls from the National Education Association (NEA) for more flexibility under the sweeping so-called No Child Left Behind (NCLB) law, the Department of Education announced today that it would grant a "growth model" policy in determining school progress labels.

Under the Department's proposed "growth model," up to 10 states would be allowed to measure not only how well students are performing on the day
standardized tests are administered, but also how that performance changes over a period of time. The move by the Department validated NEA's position that the current Adequate Yearly Progress model (AYP), which bases all school accountability decisions on just two test scores, needed to be fixed.

"Evaluating school progress based only on a 'snapshot' of two standardized test scores on any given day, while failing to measure individual student progress over time is a fundamentally flawed approach," said NEA President Reg Weaver. "Today the Department heeded to the calls of millions of educators for a 'growth model' that truly reflects the great progress we are making in the classroom."

Approximately 11,000 public schools are already labeled as "failing" for not showing improvement on standardized test scores. As a result, those same schools are in jeopardy of losing millions of dollars in federal funding. It is estimated this list will grow by the thousands before the next school year begins.

"Unfortunately, the Department's move does not go far enough because students in a maximum of 10 states will be able to benefit from this more reasonable and valid growth model, leaving students in classrooms in the rest of the country with the very same model the Department has identified as flawed," Weaver added. "We will continue to urge that broader flexibility be provided such as including multiple measures of student achievement beyond two high-stakes standardized test scores."

Although today's announcement is a welcomed change, federal funding for the law's mandates continues to move in the wrong direction. The current appropriations bill pending in Congress although wisely rejected yesterday by the House, would cut NCLB funding by $750-$800 million.

"Even with the new 'growth model' in place, schools still need additional resources to provide the things we know improve student achievement such as: smaller class sizes, qualified teachers, individual attention, up-to-date textbooks, materials and technology as well as safe and orderly schools, adequate and equitable funding and an environment conducive to good teaching and learning," said Weaver.

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The National Education Association is the nation's largest professional employee organization, representing more than 2.7 million elementary and secondary teachers, higher education faculty, education support professionals, school administrators, retired educators, and students preparing to become teachers.

— Press Releases
U. S. Department of Education & National Education Association


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