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NCLB Outrages

LEARN and its ancestors

by Stephen Krashen

LEARN is the child of READING FIRST and grandchild of the NATIONAL READING PANEL. And it is more powerful than its ancestors.

According to the Senate version, LEARN includes:

K-3: "â¦. systematic, and explicit instruction in phonological awareness, phonic decoding, vocabulary, reading fluency, and reading comprehension"

These are the "five essential components" of reading, according to the National Reading Panel, taught the way the NRP concluded they should be taught, by direct and explicit instruction.

The recent article about LEARN in the IRA publication Reading Today explicitly states that LEARN is an expansion of Reading First, Early Reading First, and Striving Readers, all skill-based programs.

And LEARN expands the skill focus to the upper grades:

4-12: " ⦠direct and explicit instruction that builds academic vocabulary and strategies and knowledge of text structure for reading different kinds of texts within and across core academic subjects"

So here is the history:

First was the National Reading Panel, thoroughly destroyed by Garan, Coles, Allington, me, others.

The result was Reading First, based on the National Reading Panel, which failed every empirical test it was subjected to.

The reward for the double failure: LEARN, which expands the failed method to all grades.

LEARN is supported by the IRA and NCTE.

— Stephen Krashen
Schools Matter


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