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Celebrating the Semicolon in a Most Unlikely Location

Susan Notes:

Just overlook the part about teaching inappropriate punctuation to third graders and enjoy this celebration of the semi-colon, including Chomsky's wry remark about NCLB.

By Sam Roberts

It was nearly hidden on a New York City Transit public service placard exhorting subway riders not to leave their newspaper behind when they get off the train.

âPlease put it in a trash can,â riders are reminded. After which Neil Neches, an erudite writer in the transit agencyâs marketing and service information department, inserted a semicolon. The rest of the sentence reads, âthatâs good news for everyone.â

Semicolon sightings in the city are unusual, period, much less in exhortations drafted by committees of civil servants. In literature and journalism, not to mention in advertising, the semicolon has been largely jettisoned as a pretentious anachronism.

Americans, in particular, prefer shorter sentences without, as style books advise, that distinct division between statements that are closely related but require a separation more prolonged than a conjunction and more emphatic than a comma.

âWhen Hemingway killed himself he put a period at the end of his life,â Kurt Vonnegut once said. âOld age is more like a semicolon.â

In terms of punctuation, semicolons signal something New Yorkers rarely do. Frank McCourt, the writer and former English teacher at Stuyvesant High School, describes the semicolon as the yellow traffic light of a âNew York sentence.â In response, most New Yorkers accelerate; they donât pause to contemplate.

Semicolons are supposed to be introduced into the curriculum of the New York City public schools in the third grade. That is where Mr. Neches, the 55-year-old New York City Transit marketing manager, learned them, before graduating from Tilden High School and Brooklyn College, where he majored in English and later received a masterâs degree in creative writing.

But, whatever oneâs personal feelings about semicolons, some people donât use them because they never learned how.

In fact, when Mr. Neches was informed by a supervisor that a reporter was inquiring about who was responsible for the semicolon, he was concerned.

âI thought at first somebody was complaining,â he said.

One of the school systemâs most notorious graduates, David Berkowitz, the Son of Sam serial killer who taunted police and the press with rambling handwritten notes, was, as the columnist Jimmy Breslin wrote, the only murderer he ever encountered who could wield a semicolon just as well as a revolver. (Mr. Berkowitz, by the way, is now serving an even longer sentence.)

But the rules of grammar are routinely violated on both sides of the law.

People have lost fortunes and even been put to death because of imprecise punctuation involving semicolons in legal papers. In 2004, a court in San Francisco rejected a conservative groupâs challenge to a statute allowing gay marriage because the operative phrases were separated incorrectly by a semicolon instead of by the proper conjunction.

Louis Menand, an English professor at Harvard and a staff writer at The New Yorker, pronounced the subway posterâs use of the semicolon to be âimpeccable.â

Lynne Truss, author of âEats, Shoots & Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation,â called it a âlovely exampleâ of proper punctuation.

Geoffrey Nunberg, a professor of linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley, praised the âburgeoning of punctuational literacy in unlikely places.â

Allan M. Siegal, a longtime arbiter of New York Times style before retiring, opined, âThe semicolon is correct, though Iâd have used a colon, which I think would be a bit more sophisticated in that sentence.â

The linguist Noam Chomsky sniffed, âI suppose Bush would claim itâs the effect of No Child Left Behind.â

New York City Transitâs unintended agenda notwithstanding, e-mail messages and text-messaging may jeopardize the last vestiges of semicolons. They still live on, though, in emoticons, those graphic emblems of our grins, grimaces and other facial expressions.

The semicolon, befittingly, symbolizes a wink.

— Sam Roberts
New YOrk Times


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